Attachment Therapy (relationship therapy)
Attachment is the “lasting psychological connectedness between two human beings”. (Delaney,1997).
Attachment disruption can happen for a variety of reasons i.e. medical reason, social policy at the tme of the child's birth. Normally, the attachment between a child and caregiver is the primary source of safety and stability in a child’s life. The early care giving relationship provides the primary context within which children learn about themselves, their emotions, and their relationships with others. Lack of a secure early attachment can result in a loss of core capacities for self-regulation and interpersonal relatedness.
Throughout life we will form hundreds of relationships.
“The ability to form and maintain relationships is essential for humans to learn, work, reproduce and survive”. (Perry, 2005)
(but not all) individuals that seek therapeutic support can trace the initial
source of their presenting issue to a time / incident stemming from some aspect
of their own past or childhood. Disrupted attachments in childhood lead to poor
relationships in our present and future. Understanding attachment patterns can
support us in our interaction with others. Unresolved childhood attachment
issues leave an adult vulnerable to difficulties in forming secure adult
relationships. There is a strong correlation between insecure adult attachments
and marital dissatisfaction and negative marital interaction. If an adult does
not feel safe with others, he/she will tend to either be resenting of their
partner or overly clingy. Attachment issues are often handed down
generationally. i.e. we parent how we were parented unless someone breaks the
chain. As a parent, an insecurely attached adult may lack the ability to form a
strong attachment with their child, and inadvertently be unable to provide the
necessary cues required for the healthy emotional development of the child,
thereby impacting on the child’s future relationships.
Attachment therapy is undertaken with children within a dyadic setting (parent and child together) or for the case with adults, individually whilst working with ego states